Generally normal to above normal precipitations since the start of the season over large parts of the country benefited sowing and early planted crops development, reports FAO.
Below average rice crop estimated in 2013
Harvesting of the 2013 main (wet) season paddy crop, which accounts for approximately 80 percent of the national output, was completed by mid-December.
Following generally favourable weather from May until mid July, torrential monsoon rains between late July to October, resulted in localised flooding particularly affecting Kayin State in the southeast and Bago Region in the southern central part of the country.
As s result, FAO’s latest forecast puts the 2013 total rice production (main and the ongoing secondary seasons) to a below average level of 29 million tonnes, some 3 percent above the flood-affected harvest of 2012. The increase in production compared to last year’s level is mainly attributed to an estimated 4 percent increase in planted area, following a rebound of local rice prices.
The 2013 main maize crop, harvested by mid-April, is estimated at 1.8 million tonnes, some 17 percent higher than in 2012.
The increase mainly reflects an estimated expansion of some 20 percent in the planted area, adequate input supply during the growing season, as well as high demand for the crop from the feed industry and from neighbouring China.
Overall, the annual total cereal harvest of 2013 is preliminarily forecast at 31.2 million tonnes (including paddy) showing a 4 percent increase over the last year’s below-average output.